Most people are obsessed with the performance of the car and they do not realize the performance of the tyre is more important. Unknowingly, everyone takes tyres for granted, yet we should be aware that they are arguably the most essential component of a vehicle’s construction. Tyres are in charge of connecting the car to the road, which is the most crucial job to play. Not to mention that they are responsible for carrying the entire vehicle’s weight. As a result, tyres must be properly maintained and examined on a regular basis. Keeping your tyres in good shape with regular maintenance is crucial for improving the performance and life of both tyre and car.
Also, the bursting the bubble of the misconception that all tyres are the same. No, it is not the case using the wrong pair of tyres can falter the performance of your car. The performance of a tyre is affected by road conditions, climate change, your driving style and other performance factors which is why tyres are categorized into Summer, Winter, All-season, Performance tyres and many more. If it’s not extreme cold, you can opt for all-season tyres, they are most cost-effective, the best cheap tyres.
There are more than these couple of features that tyre perform, and this blog will help you unfold all the things you need to know about tyres.
What affects the life of a Tyre?
Every car tyre is designed differently to meet different criteria. Hard rubber compounds are used to provide longer life to the tyre. The hard compound tyres wear out gradually providing a good grip and longer life.
Because of the increased working temperature and more bending of the rubber, a car tyre that is inflated below its optimum pressure will wear out faster. Due to the smaller contact surface between the tyre and the road, over-inflation can further cause wear.
Driving at higher speed results in faster wear and tear of a tyre.
Improper tyre alignment causes uneven amount of wear on the tyre which affects the performance.
It’s an unavoidable fact that tyre deteriorate naturally with time due to the effect of climate.
Driving style directly impacts the performance of the tyre. Aggressive turning, handling and driving at a fast speed decrease the life of tyres by wearing out faster.
Understanding the tyre tread
The tread of the tyre is the portion of the tyre that makes contact with the road surface. And if you look at the tread patterns on different tyres on the market, you’ll find a lot of diversity.
So the question is why are they different? Because a tread pattern is a one-of-a-kind design that improves the grip and ability to handle a vehicle under certain driving situations. You might identify a brand of tyre by the footprints it makes on the road.
Tread pattern constitutes of 4 parts:
- Sipes – Small cuttings across the surface of the tyres to enhance grip and handling of the vehicle during icy and wet conditions are sipes. These sipes also help in regulating the tyre heat. Siped tyre are also responsible for proving shorter brake distance.
- Grooves– The cuts or depression that are usually made on the rubber tyre and the grove are meant to increase grip by maximizing tyre tread contact with the road surface.
- Rib– A continuous layer of tread rubber that wraps around the circle of a tyre A tire’s tread is generally formed with several side-by-side ribs. These are created for providing better on-road traction in both dry and wet conditions.
- Tread Blocks– These are the raised rubber section that comes in contact with the road.
How to read your tyre?
- Tyre type – A “P” denotes passenger car tyre
- Construction of a tyre – A “R” denotes the radial tyre.
- Production Date– The production date is denoted by a four-digit code referring to the week of the year.
- Tread Wear indicator– TWI denotes the read wear indication, it is recommended to check your TWI regularly.
- Tyre pressure information– An important information about your maximum tyre pressure. You should consult a professional to provide you with details on your tyre pressure.
- Speed rating – You can easily find the speed rating of your tyres printed on the sidewalls represented by a letter.
- Diameter- Here diameter means the height of the tyre.
- Load capacity– This tells you if your tyres are capable of handling the maximum load. You can find the load index written on your tyre.
- Aspect Ratio– This is the per cent ratio of the cross-section to the diameter of the tyre.
There is a pool of retailers offering tyres of premium brands tyre as well as cheap tyres. You can find endless garages in the UK if you want to buy cheap tyres near me. Along with tyres and services, they have professional to guide you for a better understanding of tyres and your vehicle.