, What Is Electrical Engineering?
Closeup of electronic circuit board with CPU microchip electronic components background

What Is Electrical Engineering?

What Is Electrical Engineering?

Electrical engineering is among the newest engineering industries and dates back to the early nineteenth century. The engineering division is responsible for electricity technology. Electrical engineers undertake a variety of components, equipment and systems, from small microchips to large generators of power plants.Electrical Engineering has developed and evolved into a number of specialist categories from its early roots, such as power generation, drives, batteries and control systems. Electrical engineering is also integrated into an even larger division into several sub, such as RF systems, telecoms, remote sensing, signal processing, electronic circuits, devices, sound, video or opto-electronics.

Electricity keeps the world going in today’s digital era, from simple home maintenance to much more complex traffic signal, transportation, and technology networks that support our cities running.Electrical engineers are the creators and designers of these systems, operating about everything from the nation’s electricity network to the microchips within our mobile phones and smart watches.

Designing, maintaining, and upgrading electronics, manufacturing and installing computer devices and networks, and consulting with clients to see if they can improve conditions or address current issues are among their typical responsibilities.

What Electrical Engineers Do ?

From electric motors and navigation systems to power generation equipment and the electrical components of automobiles and smart devices, electronic engineers design, produce, test, and manage the engineering of electrical equipment.Electrical engineering is a vast profession with work opportunities in a wide range of industries. Electrical engineers work in a wide range of industries, from electric generation and distribution to automobiles and smartphones.

It has been designed by an electrical engineer when it is a practical, real-world device that produces, conducts or uses electricity. Engineers may also conduct or create requirements for harmful or non – destructive testing of system and component performance, reliability, and high strength.Electric engineering today designs electrical systems with basic components such as conductors, coils, magnets, batteries, switches, resistance units, condensers, inductors, diodes, transistors and other components. Much of these basic components are used by virtually all electrical and electronic devices, from electric energy to microprocessors on your mobile device.

Although the basic job description for an electrical engineer is generally consistent across a broad variety of electrical engineering occupations, the location of an electrical engineer’s work can vary greatly. Including talking to a client about project specifications to designing the product, working with production to get it produced, ensuring quality assurance checks goes smoothly, and guaranteeing the product is delivered to customers on time. Electrical engineers also provide technical support and after-sales service to clients. Since the engineer works on several projects in parallel that could be in different stages of the product life-cycle, a typical ‘day in the life’ involves wearing several hats, which adds spice to the job.

An in-depth awareness of electrical and electronic theory, mathematics, and materials is needed in electrical engineering. Engineers can use this information to design circuits that perform specific functions and meet safety, reliability, and energy efficiency criteria, as well as predict how they will behave before a hardware design is implemented. Circuits are often built on “breadboards,” or prototype electronic components made on computer numeric controlled (CNC) machines, for testing purposes before being placed into production.

To build schematics and layout circuits, electrical engineers are increasingly relying on computer-aided design (CAD) systems. They often use computers to model the operation of electrical devices and structures. Since computer simulations can be used to model a national power grid or a microprocessor, electrical engineers must be computer literate. CAD systems allow for fast and simple design modifications as well as rapid prototyping using CNC machines, in addition to speeding up the process of drafting schematics, printed circuit board (PCB) drawings, and blueprints for electrical and electronic devices.

The electrical engineering major is widely regarded as one of the most difficult in the discipline, and students often cite the following reasons as to why:

  • A lot of abstract thinking is needed. Electrical engineers, unlike students in other majors such as civil engineering, who can physically feel or see what they are planning, modifying, and building, must imagine what they are constructing or studying in their heads.
  • Create new approaches to using electricity to produce or upgrade goods.
  • Create requirements for production, design, and installation.
  • Electrical equipment is manufactured, mounted, and tested under your supervision.
  • Manage the development of electrical projects to ensure that they are completed to a high standard, on schedule, and on budget. 
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