Sore Throat Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment
What is a sore throat?
Sore throat is a sore, dry or itchy throat.
Sore throat is one of the most common symptoms. More than 13 million visits to the doctor take place every year.
Most sore throats are caused by infections or environmental factors such as dry air. While sore throat can be annoying, it usually goes away on its own.
Sore throats are divided into types according to the part of the neck that affects them:
Pharyngitis affects the area immediately behind the mouth.
Tonsillitis is a swelling and redness of the tonsils, the soft tissue at the back of the mouth.
Laryngitis is swelling and redness of the larynx or larynx.
Painful throat symptoms
Symptoms of sore throat can vary depending on the cause. Sore throat may feel:
It can do more than swallow or talk. Your throat or tonsils may also appear red.
Sometimes there are white or pus patches on the tonsils. These white spots are more common with sore throat than a sore throat caused by a virus.
Causes of sore throat
The causes of sore throat range from infections to injuries. Here are eight of the most common causes of sore throat.
Colds, flu and other viral infections.
Viruses cause about 90 percent of sore throats (2). Viruses that cause sore throats include:
Influenza – Influenza
Mononucleosis, a contagious disease transmitted by saliva.
Measles, a disease that causes rash and fever.
Chickenpox, an infection that causes fever and itchy, rough eczema
Mumps, an infection that causes inflammation of the salivary glands in the throat.
2. Laryngitis and other bacterial infections
Bacterial infections can also cause sore throat. The most common is streptococcal throat, an infection of the throat and tonsils caused by group A streak bacteria.
Strep throat causes about 40 percent of sore throat in children Tonsillitis and sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhea and chlamydia can also cause sore throat.
When the immune system reacts to allergic triggers, such as pollen, grass, and pets, it releases chemicals that cause symptoms such as a stuffy nose, watery eyes, nausea, and sore throat.
Excess mucus in the nose can drain down the neck. This is called postnasal drip and it can irritate the throat.
4. Dry air
Dry air can suck moisture from the mouth and throat, making it dry and itchy. The air is most often dry during the winters with heat.
5. Smoke, Chemicals and Other Irritants
Many chemicals and other substances in the environment irritate the throat, such as:
cigarette smoke and other cigarettes
cleaning products and other chemicals
After 9/11, more than 62 percent of firefighters who responded reported frequent throats. Before the World Trade Center disaster, only 3.2 percent had a sore throat (4 reliable sources).
Any injury, such as a blow or neck, can cause a sore throat. Getting a piece of food stuck in your throat can also be irritating.
Repeated use tightens the vocal cords and throat muscles. Throat can develop after shouting, talking loudly, or singing for a long time. Sore throat is a common complaint among coaches and fitness trainers who often have to shout (4-Trust Source).
7. Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a condition in which acid is ingested from the stomach into the esophagus, the tube that carries food from the mouth to the stomach.
The acid burns the esophagus and throat and causes symptoms such as heartburn and acid regurgitation.
Tumors of the throat, larynx, or tongue are less common causes of sore throats. While a sore throat is a sign of cancer, it may not go away after a few days.
home remedies for sore throat
You can cure the most sore throat at home. Get plenty of rest so your immune system can fight off infection.
To relieve a sore throat:
Gargle with a mixture of warm water and salt 1/2 to 1 teaspoon.
Drink warm liquids that soothe the throat, such as hot tea with honey, broth broth or hot water with lemon juice. Herbal teas especially relieve sore throat (5-confidence source).
Cool your throat by eating ice cream or a cold snack like ice cream.
Suck on hard candy or lozenge.
Turn on a cold mist softener to add moisture to the air.
Drop the sound until your throat can heal.