Emerging technologies, in particular, have changed our lives in ways we never imagined. Smart solutions are available in multiple sectors, including banking, e-commerce, markets, and financial services. In the healthcare sector, technology has significantly reduced unnecessary hospital visits and simplified lives. A large amount of emphasis has now been placed on enabling patients to communicate securely with their medical consultants as the Internet of Things (IoT) becomes mainstream.
Internet of Medical Things is a communication technology that aims to connect all medical information systems by combining medical devices and applications. A recent report published by Astute Analytica forecasts that the global Internet of Medical Things market will grow by over 26% during the forecast period of 2021-2027.
Different Uses of Internet of Medical Things in Healthcare
The Internet of Medical Things market consists of smart devices, like wearable, medical/vital monitoring equipment utilized in health care within the home, clinic, or hospital.
On-Body: There are two categories of wearable for on-body use: Consumer and Clinical Grade.
- Consumer Health Wearable: The category includes fitness wearables such as smart garments, activity trackers, sports watches, wristbands, and bands. Health authorities do not regulate these devices but recommend them for specific applications supported by informal clinical validation and consumer studies.
- Clinical-grade Wearable: A regulated device or system refers to a tool that has been approved or certified by a regulatory or health authority, like the FDA. In most cases, these devices are used under the guidance of an expert or with a prescription from a physician.
In-Home: The In-Home use includes features such as Personal Emergency Response, Remote Patient Monitoring, and Telehealth Virtual Visits.
- Personally Emergency Response System: A wearable device and a live medical call center are integrated to increase independence for elderly individuals who are homebound or have limited mobility. This package facilitates communication and emergency medical care.
- Remote Patient Monitoring: Acute home monitoring includes all sensors and devices used to support long-term care in a patient’s home, which slows the progression of the disease and supports long-term management of the chronic disease.
- Telehealth Virtual Visit: Virtual consultations can help patients manage their conditions and obtain prescriptions or care plans recommended by their health care professionals.
In Community: The five main uses of In Community are:
- Vehicle tracking services allow drivers to map health parameters while on the road.
- An emergency response intelligence system assists emergency responders, paramedics, and hospital emergency room employees.
- In healthcare, a kiosk could dispense products or provide services such as connecting to healthcare providers via a computer touchscreen.
- In a point-of-care setting, like at the hospital or medical camp, a provider can use medical devices outside of the patient’s home or traditional health care setting.
- In logistics, pharmaceutical products, medical supplies, devices, equipment, and other products needed by health care providers are transported and delivered.
In-Clinic: There are IoMT devices used in clinics by means of telehealth or at points of care for administrative or clinical purposes. In comparison with community devices, here’s one key difference: instead of a health care provider physically holding the device, the provider can be positioned remotely while the device is used by qualified personnel.
In- Hospital: It includes few uses:
- Capital equipment and mobile assets are monitored by Asset Management.
- Staff productivity and efficiency are measured by personnel management.
- In addition to improving facility operations, patient flow management leads to a better patient experience.
- Using inventory management, hospitals reduce inventory costs and improve staff productivity by ordering, storing, and using hospital supplies, consumables, pharmaceuticals, and medical devices.
- Temperature and humidity monitoring (e.g., of patient rooms and storage areas) monitor electrical consumption and ensure optimal conditions.
Future: Internet of Medical Things
According to a report published by Astute Analytica, IoMT will grow in the Healthcare sector over the next five years. It is predicted that IoMT will continue to grow in Healthcare as technology continues to evolve. In the modern world, organizations are abandoning traditional methods of medical treatment in favor of digital and technologically advanced solutions that link customers and patients to physicians around the world in a safe and secure way.